In the first part, the talk will cover the bi-directional relationship between artificial intelligence and law. From the legal point of view, artificial intelligence will influence the nature and dynamic of societal structure and interaction, hence the law. Some laws will become obsolete or virtually useless. For example, most traffic laws will become totally unnecessary if the self-driving vehicles eventually become the new normal. On the contrary, existing laws will need to be revised and new laws will need to be legislated to deal with unprecedented problems. For example, considering again the self-driving vehicles, we might need to reconsider the liability and insurance system when it comes to accidental cases, let alone the ethical issues like the trolley problem. Also, an increasing influence of on human decision-making has caused a greater tension between free-will and deterministic natures of human decision. One obvious example is the Cambridge Analytica scandal in the previous US election. On the other hand, from the AI point of view, especially Machine Learning, AI can potentially change how the legal “ecosystem” works. It has increasingly been adopted by firms to analyse legal documents in various ways. Mainly, AI has been widely used to accommodate the due diligence and compliance and the case strategy and planning. We will explore how AI could be used to stimulate the accessibility to legal services of wider public and potentially help judges and officers tackle inconsistencies and biasedness in the judicial process. Certainly, some contingencies will need to be discussed such as the bias of AI.

 

In the second part, we will explore quantum computers and how they may affect Laws. Quantum computers have great potentials to leap forward AI by their computing power and memory. These capacities will not be achievable by any classical supercomputer. We have been discussing a lot about we can do many things when we have a quantum computer. However, do we actually have a quantum computer yet? The essential criteria to build quantum computers will be discussed in this talk. Then, we will give some examples of physical quantum bits. We will further discuss two promising platforms to be a large-scale quantum computer. Lastly, we will see the current perspectives of a large-scale quantum computer.